The Library of Celsus, whose façade has been carefully reconstructed from all
original pieces, was built ca. AD 125 by Gaius Julius Aquila in memory of his
father, and once held nearly 12,000 scrolls. Designed with an exaggerated
entrance so as to enhance its perceived size, speculate many historians the
building faces east so that the reading rooms could make best use of the morning
The Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is represented
only by one inconspicuous column, revealed during an archaeological excavation
by the British Museum in the 1870s. Some fragments of the frieze (which are
insufficient to suggest the form of the original) and other small finds were
removed some to London and some to the Archaeological Museum, Istanbul.
The Odeon - a small roofed theatre constructed by Vedius
Antonius and his wife in around 150 A.D. It was a small salon for plays and
concerts, seating about 1,500 people. There were 22 stairs in the theatre. The
upper part of the theatre was decorated with red granite pillars in the
Corinthian style. The entrances were at both sides of the stage and reached by a
The Temple of Hadrian dates from the 2nd century but
underwent repairs in the 4th century and has been re-erected from the surviving
architectural fragments. The reliefs in the upper sections are casts, the
originals being now exhibited in the Selçuk Archaeological Museum. A number of
figures are depicted in the reliefs, including the emperor Theodisius I with his
wife and eldest son.
The Temple of Domitian was one of the largest temples on the
city. It was erected on a pseudo dipteral plan with 8 x 13 columns. The temple
and its statue are some of the few remains connected with Domitian.
The Theatre - At an estimated 44,000 seating capacity, it is
believed to be the largest outdoor theatre in the ancient world.