In this region, the Mediterranean climate prevails. There is a potential for yachting
tourism in the region as it has numerous coasts and coves. In this region you
can see all types of the Mediterranean vegetation together and its red pines and
forest area have a great value. The density of high quality forest cover
increases on the northern shore of the Gulf of Gökova, on the slopes of Kıran
Mountains. The Gökova region and the mountains around it, which have a high
rainfall, have a rich range of flora. There are large numbers of animal
species in the southern part of the Gulf of Gökova.
In the Fethiye region too, the vegetation is similar to maquis on the coastal
zones, with pine trees (conifer) on the higher parts. The tree types in the
upper regions are black pine (pinus nigra), red pine (pinus bruita) and cedars,
while closer to the coast area there are shrubs, fields of olive trees,
varieties of oak (quercus) and citrus fields. The most important endemic type in
this region is the liquid amber orientalis forests.
In the Köyceğiz Special
Protected Region, the most common vegetation is red pines (pinus bruita), liquid
amber orientalis, maquis, small phrigana trees and shrubs. Moreover the plants
that grow in the wet and barren lands around the lakes of the Köyceğiz region
are another feature of the area. Along the coastline there are sand type
vegetation. The Loggerhead (Caretta caretta) sea turtles that make use of the
for reproduction have been given official protected status as they are an
endangered species. The area around the lake, the channels and forest regions
have great importance for various animal species both for shelter and breeding.
In order to protect the Loggerhead (Caretta caretta) turtles and the site where they lay
their eggs a ground breaking project was developed for the estuary of the Dalyan
Stream and Iztuzu Beach. The area is used as a beach during the day but is left
to turtles at night. The egg-laying areas are marked and protected and it is
forbidden to even put up a beach umbrella in the nesting area.
Not only the Caretta carettas but also a wide range of bird species in the
liquid amber orientalis forest and the sandy areas around the lake have been
granted official protection. Many birds, such as coot, stork, kingfisher,
swallow, reed nightingale, snake eagle, bee-eater, seagull, glossy ibis and
white small herons, make use of the area as a breeding ground or a winter
The region has a biological richness where the natural vegetation of the
Mediterranean, including olive trees, red pines (pinus briuta), arbutus (Arbutus
andrachne) and almond tree can be found.